From 1.0 to 5.0, from stand-alone to networking, the 8-year history of China’s smart locks

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From Traditional door locks to smart locks, security and portability have been enhanced in people’s use scenarios, because the biggest advantage of smart locks is the improvement of security and management compared with traditional mechanical locks. However, the function of smart locks seems to be far more than these two points.

2017 is a year of smart locks. Especially in the second half of the year, many traditional home appliance brands and emerging startup brands have successively released new smart lock products, becoming the hottest keyword in the smart home field. Although the emergence of smart locks is not a year or two, but in the past more active in the B-end market, such as hotels, apartments, office buildings and other commercial places, home smart locks in the domestic penetration rate is still very low, many users on the smart lock They all know their names.

Compared with traditional mechanical locks, the biggest advantage of smart locks is the improvement of security and management. Security is reflected in the intelligent anti-theft alarm function. Most smart locks can recognize dangerous signals such as shackles, attempt to unlock, and then send alarms to the homeowner through the network, or they can sound alarms. This is not available for ordinary locks. . The management is reflected in the application of the smart lock. No matter whether it is fingerprinted, password or swipe, each member has its own unique “mark”, the right to open the door is free to increase or decrease, and the app can record every time you open the door.

In October of this year, Alibaba and a number of smart lock manufacturers released the “2017 China Smart Lock Application and Development White Paper” (hereinafter referred to as “White Paper”), which defines the definition, development process and future of smart locks. The trend has been analyzed in detail. In the “White Paper”, the development of smart locks is divided into three major stages: stand-alone smart locks, housekeeper smart locks, and networked smart locks. These three stages can be subdivided into the following five stages:

Description of the history of smart locks in the 2017 China Smart Lock Application and Development White Paper

In 2009, 1.0 stand-alone smart lock;

2010, 2.0 stand-alone smart lock;

2011-2014, 3.0 housekeeper smart lock;

2015-2016, 4.0 Networked smart lock;

2017, 5.0 networked smart lock.

So, what are the characteristics of smart locks at various stages? What have you experienced in the development of smart locks in these years?

In 2009, 1.0 single-machine smart locks

< Nowadays, smart locks have been seen by many people, and some users have already started to install and use them, but many people don't know. In fact, smart locks have been around for more than 10 years. As early as 2001, the Ministry of Public Security issued and implemented the first industry standard for the smart lock: "GA374-2001 electronic anti-theft lock." However, early smart locks were basically used in the hotel industry. Until 2009, the first generation of home smart locks appeared.

In 2001, the Ministry of Public Security issued the “GA374-2001 Electronic Anti-theft Lock” industry standard

The smart locks used by hotels are all ways to unlock the card. In fact, this kind of lock cannot be called real. The intelligent lock in the sense should be called “electronic key lock, because it does not have all kinds of “smart features” that we are familiar with today, just cancel the mechanical key and change the card to unlock. Using this lock makes the hotel more cost effective, including the cost of the keys and the lock itself, as well as hotel management costs.

For example, if the mechanical key is lost, then the room must be locked, regardless of whether the key is lost to the guest or the hotel itself, the cost is required, and the room cannot be replaced until the new lock is changed. Check in. More important than cost is security. Traditional keys can be copied, even the current highest level of C-class locks, the keys can be copied, but the copying is slightly more difficult and requires special tools. If the key is lost, or if the person with bad intentions stays in the normal name, copying it after obtaining the key is very dangerous for the guests who stay in the same room.

Hotel electronic lock

There is no such problem with the electronic door lock. If the door card is lost, the hotel staff only needs to re-create a door card and release the front door. Card permissions, you don’t have to worry about someone stealing. In addition, the mechanical key can not store any data, and the electronic door card can view the opening time and other information through the system, which helps the hotel to better manage. In terms of household use, the smart lock of the 1.0 era already has voice prompts and alarm functions, and supports password and fingerprint unlocking, but there is no LCD screen, no menu can be displayed, and there is no supporting app, which makes the setting operation more complicated.

Although the 1.0 version of the smart lock did not cause any waves in the market, the form of fingerprint and password unlocking has established a development direction for home smart locks.

In 2010, 2.0 stand-alone smart lock

In 2010, the smart lock industry entered the 2.0 era. At this time, the smart lock has not changed much in the basic function compared with before, but the LCD screen is added, so that the user can perform various settings on the lock through the menu displayed on the LCD screen, and the operation is simpler. However, this change has not brought about an increase in the sales of smart locks, and the overall market situation remains as usual.

2011-2014, 3.0 housekeeper smart lock

After 2011-2014, smart locks entered the era of housekeeping from the stand-alone era.

What is a housekeeper smart lock? The biggest feature of this type of lock is that it can be inserted into a SIM card like a mobile phone. With a SIM card, a smart lock has the same communication function as a mobile phone, although thisI still can’t connect to the Internet, but I can send reminders and alarm messages to my mobile phone.

Compared with the single-machine smart locks of the 1.0 and 2.0 eras, the SMS alarm is equivalent to giving the smart lock a certain remote function, which lays the foundation for the later networked smart lock.

At the same time, the 3.0 housekeeper smart lock has also been upgraded on the display, the display has become larger, can be set through the Chinese menu operation, and can also query the opening record, but most of them are not equipped with an app. It feels like an old-fashioned feature phone.

After the smart lock has communication capabilities, the convenience is indeed enhanced, but it is followed by security issues. Although the networking function is not available in the butler smart lock phase, the embedded SIM card has the ability to carry carrier number resources, carry and handle various value-added applications, and provide communication storage services.

Not to mention any complicated method. If someone sends a large amount of spam messages to the number of this SIM card, it may cause the system to crash, and the door lock cannot be opened. It is obviously not the ultimate goal to send smart lock text messages. The more powerful functions of networked communication are the trend of the times, and the smart locks on the Internet will have more security problems. Can smart lock manufacturers solve them perfectly?

2015-2016, 4.0 networked smart lock

2015-2016, is a year of rapid development of smart lock technology. From this era, smart locks have also been gradually incorporated into smart home products from building materials and security products, because smart locks have begun to have networking capabilities. In addition to the richer and more convenient remote and management functions, the smart locks that can be connected to the Internet can be linked to other smart homes and smart security products.

Smart Home Linkage

For example, if a guest presses a doorbell on a smart lock, the smart cat’s eye can automatically open the door. Or the smart lock recognizes the homeowner to go home. After opening the door, it can automatically turn on the electrical appliances such as lighting and air conditioning. If there is automatic cooking equipment, even if it can automatically start cooking, is it convenient?

Intelligence of this period Most of the locks are equipped with an app, and the function settings and fingerprints are all completed by the App.

Also supports Bluetooth unlocking, smart prompts, alarms, and upgrades from the original stand-alone and SMS format to App+ SMS. Through the App, in addition to viewing the opening record, it is more convenient to manage the opening permission, such as deleting a fingerprint, or generating a temporary password.

In 2017, 5.0 networked smart lock

This year, the smart lock has not changed much in the basic function and the previous generation, but has added a lot of personalized functions, while unlocking Affected by the megatrend, some smart locks began to use face recognition and iris recognition as an unlocking method.

Face recognition unlocking

In terms of security, many new smart locks use encryption chips and algorithms, making smart locks difficult to crack, and the security that users care about most further. It can be seen that the smart lock has been continuously upgraded in technology in recent years, but the sales volume has not kept up with the rhythm. The home smart lock market has been tepid over the years. Starting from the second half of 2017, this situation has begun to improve. The promotion of smart lock manufacturers has been strengthened, and the opportunities for user experience and actual use have increased. Frequent appearances in film and television dramas have also brought about certain effects on the promotion of smart locks. Under the combined effect of these external conditions, more and more users are starting to Accept smart locks.

At present, the overall development trend of smart locks has been basically stable. Keywords such as networking, apps, remote, biometrics are just the standard for every smart lock. At the same time, smart locks “home jobs & mdash; & mdash; security protection, is also moving closer to financial-grade or even more advanced security chips.

In addition, with the unification of smart home communication standards, the interconnection and interoperability of smart home products will become more and more close. In different scenarios, users can mobilize a variety of home products to meet different demands of users. Smart door locks will also be connected to more home life scenes.

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