The Aria Queens Airport in Amman, Jordan, was completed in 2013. The airport uses energy-efficient and efficient passive energy operation and is based on a highly scalable and fragmented solution, which is easy to handle if there are future improvements in the building. . The new building confirms the city’s central position and is expected to expand the airport area at a rate of 6% per year, and passenger traffic will increase from the current 3.5 million to 12 million in 2030.
Considering the extreme weather conditions in the Amman region, most of the buildings are made of concrete. Concrete has a strong heat storage capacity and can play a passive environmental control role. The canopy of the checkerboard pattern consists of a series of curved concrete domes. The dome extends outward to shield the facade, and each dome is a construction module. The dome stretches outward from the support column and resembles the leaves of a desert palm tree. Daylight enters the square below it from the composite beam at the junction of the columns. In order to echo the image of the veins, each bare soffit uses a geometric pattern based on traditional Islamic forms. The complex geometry and construction strategy of the roof shell was developed by the architect in collaboration with the geometry experts within Foster + Partners.
The perimeter of the terminal is surrounded by glass, allowing people to see the plane on the apron and help people identify the direction. The horizontal louvers block the direct light from the façade and block glare. In the more exposed areas near the columns, the louver slats are arranged more closely. Locally produced gravel is added to the concrete structure to reduce maintenance requirements and reduce the material’s energy storage, while coordinating with the natural color of the local desert.
Amman is one of the oldest cities in the world where humans continue to live. The design of the airport is in line with the local architecture. Responding to have a sense of place. This is particularly evident on the raised roof of the airport. From the air, these uplifts are like black fabrics that Bedouin tents swell with the wind. The building also refers to the tradition of Jordanian hospitality. In order to cater to the habits of family members gathering at the airport, the front hall has been expanded to provide a landscape plaza with seating and shades. People can say goodbye to their families before they leave, or they can pick up the wind for their families. .
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