Source: “2013 Global Think Tank Report” (Chinese version) (translated and authorized by the Shanghai Institute of Social Sciences Think Tank Research Center)
In early 2014, the University of Pennsylvania released the “2013 Global Think Tank Report.” In this world’s most recognizable and most influential think-tank report, the number of Chinese think tanks ranked 426 in the global think tank rankings.
In the past year, the media also referred to the Chinese think tank as “the year of development”. From the “Decision” of the Third Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee, it was emphasized that “the strengthening of the construction of a new type of think tank with Chinese characteristics, the establishment of a sound decision-making consultation system”, and the release of the first China think tank report by the Shanghai Institute of Social Sciences think tank research … … think tank development The craze is coming. Then, is China’s think tank ushered in the development of “Golden Age”?
Stage characteristics in development
Think tanks, also known as think tanks, think tanks, have been described as a country’s IQ. Serving public policy is the “natural gene” of the think tank, which effectively bridges the gap between knowledge and policy. Because of this, countries around the world, especially developed countries, attach great importance to the development of think tanks.
What is the level of China’s think tank development? According to the 2013 Global Think Tank Report, in 2013, the total number of global think tanks was 6,826, the US think tank ranked first with 1,828, and the Chinese think tank ranked second with 426. The Chinese Academy of Social Sciences ranks ninth among the world’s top think tanks, and the China Institute of International Studies, China Modern International Relations Research Institute, Peking University International Strategic Research Center, Shanghai Institute of International Studies, and the State Council Development Research Center all enter the top 100. . However, from the ranking of the world’s top think tanks, the construction of new types of think tanks with Chinese characteristics is still relatively lagging behind; Wang Zhan, dean of the Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences pointed out.
The 2013 China Think Tank Report released by the Think Tank Research Center of the Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences divides China’s think tanks into four categories: the party and government military think tanks, the social sciences think tanks, the university think tanks, and the folk think tanks. From the category characteristics of China’s active think tanks (active think tanks refer to think tanks that are currently in normal operation and have strong influence on public policy formation and the public), 2 out of 5 are party and government military think tanks, among which “national character number” The think tank also accounts for about 30% of the party and government military think tanks. Wang Ronghua, director of the Think Tank Research Center of the Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences, pointed out that “China has a lot of financially funded think tanks. This is a distinctive feature of China’s think tanks that differ from European and American countries’ think tanks. & rdquo; Regional think tank development imbalance is another feature of China’s think tank. About 60% of China’s active think tanks are distributed in the developed eastern regions, especially some megacities. The active think tanks in the central and western regions are only 17.0% and 17.5%.
Due to historical evolution and institutional reasons, the folk think tank has always been the “short board” in the development of China’s think tanks. Although the folk think tank has developed in recent years, it has been congenitally deficient in funding support, project sources, results, and suggestions and suggestions, and has suffered from “dwarf syndrome”. “It’s not an exaggeration to describe the current Chinese think tanks with a mixture of fish and dragons. “Ren Libo, founder of Guoguan Think Tank, pointed out that there are many private think tanks in the past, such as consulting companies, survey companies, and information companies. They are now developing think tank development plans, which have both physical business transformations, but also Many are the gimmicks on the law. ”
Influence is the key to the development of think tanks. Wang Ronghua pointed out that, in China’s think tanks, the influence of think tanks focusing on national development issues will be greater, and the influence of local think tanks focusing on regional issues will be relatively small. In addition, China’s think tanks mainly focus on economic policy, political construction and international issues, and the division of specialization is relatively insufficient. This is also the staged feature of the development of China’s think tanks.
It is undeniable that China’s think tanks have entered a period of rapid development, which has effectively promoted the scientific and democratic process of public decision-making in China. . If we seriously give the pulse of the development of our country’s think tanks, the existing problems cannot be ignored.
One is "near” & "far" In China today, think tanks with high activity and strong influence are mainly official or semi-official. These think tanks and decision-making bodies are “near” and the results can be quickly applied to public policy. However, if you go too close, there is a lack of credibility and it is difficult to form a “disease of insights and opinions”, and it is easy to distance from the public “far”. The money is given by the superior, the bearer is delineated, and the project is often organized by the government department. “This kind of think tank is at best a role of & quoquo; behind the staff, it is difficult to guarantee its independence and objectivity. , social and innovative,” said Hu Ruijun, an associate professor of the Department of Social Sciences at the National Institute of Educational Administration. So how to keep “ near &Rdquo; The balance with "far" is a matter of serious consideration for the development of China’s think tanks.
The second is "interpretation" & "innovation" The think tank is going to be ahead of the decision. However, under the current system, decision-making consultations often appear in the “experts show”, that is, experts for the scientific and rational decision-making of the government & rsquo; endorsement & rsquo;, thus the emergence of expert decision-making consultation & lsquo; hollow & rsquo; & & lsquo; symbolization & rsquo;. “Luo Guoqiang, a researcher at the Development Research Center of the State Council, believes that many of the domestic think tanks are still interpretive think tanks rather than innovative think tanks. Most of the official think tanks focus on the interpretation of policies and lack of awareness of the advancement of research barriers. Experts and scholars in college think tanks are lacking in the pertinence and operability of policy advice. These have affected the level of combination of “intelligence” and “government”.
The third is “The pedigree is long” & “The channel is more” problem. Vertically, from the center to the place, different levels of think tanks form a long chain. Therefore, & ldquo; pedigree length & rdquo; is one of the characteristics of China’s think tank. Horizontally, the party and government military think tanks can be divided into different categories such as the Development Research Center, the Party School, the Administrative College, the research institutes of various ministries, and the military think tank. Together with the think tanks of the Academy of Social Sciences, the think tanks of universities, and the think tanks of the people, the think tanks of our country are presented. The characteristics of the class are diverse, the form is different, and the channel is more. “Long” and “multiple” have made the development of China’s think tanks scattered and overlapping, fragmented, closed and running, and weak communication with each other, resulting in waste of resources and redundant construction.
Cultivating China’s think tanks “Chinese characteristics”
China’s think tanks are facing the best development opportunities, but to truly embrace the spring of development, There is a long way to go. Building a new type of think tank with Chinese characteristics is the goal of the development of China’s think tanks. So, “What are the special features of China?” “New & rdquo; Where is the new?
“Chinese characteristics are to fully reflect the development of think tanks & rsquo; China’s national conditions & rsquo; & lsquo; Chinese background & rsquo; & lsquo; Chinese elements & rsquo;; & lsquo; new & rsquo; is mainly for & lsquo; traditional & rsquo ; Wang Ronghua pointed out that this “new type” is reflected in the fact that research must be based on theoretical innovation and scientific decision-making, and it is the result of public policy changes and expert participation. Hu Ruijun pointed out that China’s think tank construction, which is in line with China’s national conditions and reflects China’s practice, should also adhere to the service concept. “First-class think tanks are not only service leaders, but also lead social thoughts, and the ultimate goal is to serve the people. ”
There is no doubt that building a new think tank with Chinese characteristics will be a long-term process that cannot be accomplished overnight. Wang Zhan believes that the key is to form a new type of relationship and diversified development pattern that the government guides and influences the think tank and think tank to objectively and independently serve the government, and fosters independent thoughts and think tanks. ”
To build a new type of think tank with Chinese characteristics, how should the folk think tank overcome its own “congenital deficiency”? Ren Libo believes that the private think tank must have its own “pattern”, positioning, scientifically treat the difference with the official think tank, “private think tanks have consulting, survey, information and other categories, differentiated development is the way out. ”
Talent is the core of the think tank, and the think tank without talent will eventually be an empty shelf. The “revolving door” mechanism of the top think tanks in the United States has proven to be the key to its ability to produce high quality results. Hu Ruijun believes that China’s think tanks should also gradually establish a similar talent flow mechanism and establish a Chinese-style “rotary door” between the think tank talents and the government departments & rsquo;”.
Responsible Editor: Zhao Yanlong